GIT- Every developer’s best friend
The aim of this article/blog is to get to know about git and some basic commands.
This is a friendly tutorial that will help learners get started with git.
Introduction to GIT
In my journey with open source, I discussed briefly what is Git. Here I will be explaining in detail about Git.
So according to the definitions across the net git is software for tracking changes in any set of files, usually used for coordinating work among programmers collaboratively developing source code during software development. Basically, Git is an example of DVCS(Distributed version control system.
In my terms git is a tool that helps a developer control the operations of a computer.
For eg: If I want to create a file in a folder then for that execute the following command :
Well, there are separate functional operations that do not require commands just like creating a file. So why should we know this?
These commands are necessary since they give the control as to how you want to store data or maybe use some data in a file or create a folder etc.
Understanding the concept of a project directory
A project directory is a collection of three major components which are
a) Working Tree is the location on your computer that contains all the directories and files of a single commit. This is the place where the user can edit the file.
b) Staging Area contains a list of all the files that are planned to be used in the next commit.
c) Local Repository contains all the commits that are made for the project. This basically represents the version history project.
So first everyone that refers to this friendly article/blog should have git installed.
If not here is the link for installing git→ Git link
I hope you have installed git. Now I use git bash for executing the commands. You can choose any command of your choice.
Verify the get version installed
If you want to know more about some commands then use
Note: For this article/blog I am not jumping on to topics like creating a local repo, cloning a remote repo, branching, merging commits, etc. These topics will be covered in the next part. So stay tuned
Coming back to the topic we have now installed git and now we know how to see the version of git.
Configure your user name, email address, and default Git editor.
- View your current setting for your user name with
git config user.name
2. If you would like to change your user name, execute
git config --global user.name "Your Name"
3. View your current setting for your email address with
git config user.email
4. If you would like to change your email address,
git config — global user.email “your@email”
5. View your current setting for default Git editor with
git config core.editor
6. If you would like to change your default Git editor, use
git config — global core.editor your_preferred_editor
So this is part-1 that will help you get started. Stay tuned for part-2.
Hope you liked it :)
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